3D Printing Techniques and Filaments

3D Printing Techniques and Filaments

Proof Point

Additive manufacturing prints 3D objects using wide variety of techniques and filaments, depending on purpose

3D Printing Techniques and Filaments

Proof Point Findings

Printing Techniques

  • Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) – Heats filament deposited layer by layer through extrusion head, commonly used for rapid prototyping and product development
  • Stereolithography (SLA) – Uses UV laser beam to solidify liquid resin filament, utilized in creating smooth surface objects
  • Binder Jetting (BJ) – Binds powdered material together using binding agent, creating full-color architectural models and sculptures
  • Material Jetting (MJ) – Layers liquid photopolymer onto build tray and then cured by UV light, used for rapid tooling, prototyping, and designing jewelry
  • Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) – Uses either laser or electron beam to melt and fuse material powder together
  • Sheet Lamination – Fuses together adhesive-coated material with heat or pressure, and shapes object with laser or knife for low-cost and fast printing of large objects
  • Direct Energy Deposition – Deposits melted material via laser or electron beam onto surface, where it solidifies


  • Thermoplastic – Most common material used in 3D printing, such as PLA, ABSand Nylon, ideal for inexpensive prototypes
  • Prototypes, automotive parts, and consumer products
  • Resin – Shatter resistant alternative to glass, commonly used for intricate designs and sculptures
  • Jewelry, art, and sculptures
  • Gypsum – Rigid and delicate powder, also called sandstone, available in multiple colors
  • Figurines, life-like models, avatars, architectural models, memorabilia, and complex models
  • Metal – Laser sintered metal powder, available in aluminum, stainless steel, bronze, and cobalt chromium
  • Structural components, mechanical parts, jewelry, and hardware
  • Ceramic – High strength hard material with high temperature resistance, first 3D printed then glazed
  • Home decors and tableware



Industrial Manufacturing, Information Technology


Date Last Updated

October 29, 2017

Leave a comment